It was seen that the works of founders of States, law-givers, tyrant-destroyers, and heroes cover
but narrow spaces and endure but for a time; while the work of the inventor, though of less pomp,
is felt everywhere and lasts forever.          - Francis Bacon Preface to a Treatise on Interpreting Nature




The Design of Everyday Things

Every inventor should take this free online course. Learn the basics of design and start observing and applying design principles.



How to Design Breakthrough Inventions

A CBS interview of IDEO founder David Kelley


How to Build a StartUp

In this free online course, learn the key tools and steps for building a successful startup (or at least reducing the risk of failure).

Saturday, September 19, 2009

September 2009

Mr. Marcelo Copat and Mr. Dan Lechleiter, patent attorneys from Baker & Daniels LLP, treated us to a very useful discussion of patent fundamentals.  Here are just a few of the highlights (you should'a been there ...).

In exchange for disclosing your invention to the public in an issued patent the U.S. government gives you a set of negative property rights.  You don't get the right to benefit from your invention, but you do get the right to stop others from benefiting for the duration of the patent.  What good is that? Many inventors cast their inventions upon the waters of the market, and a patent helps prevent dilution of any profit the market might return.  By excluding others from making, using, selling, offering to sell, or importing your invention in the U.S. you:
      • may dominate (or at least position yourself well in) the market, by eliminating most competitors and by persuading most of the rest to cooperate with you;
      • in so doing, increase the desire of companies to license (rent) or buy your invention;
      • add the value of your patent (which, like most other property, can be bought, sold, and taxed) to your company's assets;
     • increase your reputation as an inventor or innovator. 

The U.S. grants a patent to the first inventor of an invention, not necessarily to the first person to file a patent application for that invention.  How do you show you invented first?
      • Record your thoughts and actions in detail, in a bound notebook.  Just the facts; no opinions.  Test results are what they are; don't comment on them.  You, and a non-inventor witness who understands what you are doing and who signs a nondisclosure agreement, sign and date every page.
      • Record the event and date of conception - the date you think of the final detailed idea of your complete working invention, as it will be sold and used.  Also, you might send via the post office a letter to yourself that includes all the details needed to enable someone like yourself to make and use your invention.  Don't open the letter; just save it as evidence.
     • Record the event and date of reduction to practice (the last step of inventing) - the date you finish building and testing (if necessary) a physical working model of your invention, or the date you file a patent application. 
     • Keep working on your invention between the date of conception and the date of reduction to practice, and record what you do.  For example, record and date your order of materials that will take 6 months to arrive.  This is evidence of your diligence, of your one continuous act of inventing. 

Be careful about publicly disclosing your invention.  Once you do, you have 1 year to file a patent application.  Wait an extra day to file, and you are out of luck.  So how can you find out whether the cost and effort of patenting your invention is likely worthwhile?  One way is to ask people if they would be interested in buying an unspecified product that could provide a specific benefit.   If you need to disclose any enabling details about your invention to a particular person, avoid public disclosure by having that person sign a sound confidentiality agreement.  Realize that many so-called nondisclosure agreements won't protect you from anything.

Many inventors like the idea of filing an inexpensive ($110 for a small entity) provisional patent application.  The patent office doesn't examine the content of a provisional application, and you don't gain anything from a provisional application unless you follow through by filing a later nonprovisional patent application.  A poorly constructed provisional application is like a bad haircut - some can be fixed, some can't - and it can dissuade an otherwise interested company from licensing your invention.  So why file a provisional application? 
     • Get a file date for whatever enabling disclosure you include.  This is evidence of your interest in patenting your invention, and helps prove you invented before someone else. 
     • Label your product "patent pending" and operate without fear of post-filing public disclosure preventing a patent. 
     • Delay the cost and formality of filing a nonprovisional patent application by 1 year.
     • During that 1 year, continue to file other provisional applications as you improve your invention, and combine them into one nonprovisional application at the end of the year. 
     • If at the end of the year you decide not to file a nonprovisional application, and you haven't publicly disclosed your invention, your invention remains a secret. 

Draft your patent claims to impale an infringer you would take to court.  If two parties would collaborate to infringe one of your claims, which party would you sue? 

How much does a U.S. nonprovisional utility patent cost a small entity? 
     • Minimum application fees: $462. If you get the patent, add publication and patent issue fees: $1055. 
     • To keep your patent, add $490 at 3½ years, $1240 at 7½ years, and $2055 at 11½ years. 
     • If you have to enforce your patent in court, plan on spending from $650,000 (less than $1 million at risk) to $5.5 million (more than $25 million at risk). 

Enforcing your patent rights against infringement usually involves three steps: 
     1. Evaluate a potentially infringing product to see if it really conflicts with your patent claims. 
     2. If it does, tell the infringer. You could: 
          • simply state that the infringer's product conflicts with your claims;
          • ask the infringer to stop infringing; 
          • file a complaint with the court, but before serving it, tell the infringer a suit is pending (this is good incentive for the infringer to reach an agreement with you); 
          • file and serve the complaint. 
     3. If the infringer stops infringing, case closed.   If the infringer wants to continue to benefit from your invention, maybe you can agree on a licensing deal.  If necessary, take legal action to stop the infringement. 

Thank you for this great presentation, Mr. Copat and Mr. Lechleiter!

Patent Drawings by Richard McVicker

Some inventions patented by our members:

Bob Brand
3,179,907 Tuning system for television receivers
3,219,933 Television tuner switching system
3,241,072 Tuning control system
3,538,466 Television tuner cast housing with integrally cast transmission lines
4,503,740 Optical cutting edge locator for a cutting apparatus
4,503,896 Dog system for veneer slicer
4,601,317 Veneer slicing system
5,511,598 Veneer-slicer with remotely controllable blade angle adjustment
5,562,137 Method and apparatus for retaining a flitch for cutting
5,590,700 Vacuum flitch table with self-cleaning vacuum valve
5,678,619 Method and apparatus for cutting veneer from a tapered flitch
5,680,887 Veneer slicer with timing belt
5,694,995 Method and apparatus for preparing a flitch for cutting
5,701,938 Method and apparatus for retaining a flitch for cutting
5,819,828 Method and apparatus for preparing a flitch for cutting
5,868,187 Method and apparatus for retaining a flitch for cutting
7,395,843 Method and apparatus for retaining a flitch for cutting
7,552,750 Method and apparatus for cutting veneer sheets from a flitch

Rick Hanson
6,240,579 Unitary pedal control of brake and fifth wheel deployment via side and end articulation with additional unitary pedal control of height of patient support
6,253,397 Deployable siderails for a wheeled carriage
6,256,812 Wheeled carriage having auxiliary wheel spaced from center of gravity of wheeled base and cam apparatus controlling deployment of auxiliary wheel and deployable side rails for the wheeled carriage
6,264,006 Brake for castered wheels
6,507,964 Surgical table
D474,446 Sterilizable battery component

Bob Humbert
4,281,368 Keyhole illuminating apparatus

Ron Jackson
4,886,110 HVAC zone control system
4,943,039 Adjustable clamp
4,987,409 Level sensor and alarm
5,132,669 Level sensor with alarm
5,381,989 Adjustable spring clamp
5,944,098 Zone control for HVAC system
6,145,752 Temperature monitoring and control system
6,322,443 Duct supported booster fan
D347,596 Audible security alarm
D376,747 Door security device

Jerry McQuinn
D689,343 Universal Nutcracker

Richard McVicker
3,261,937 Three position snap switch utilizing interference blade means
3,319,477 Timer Escapement
3,332,704 Manually propelled treadmill vehicle
4,625,616 Thumb pick
6,309,076 Light barrier, screen or reflector
D240,237 Sculpture or the like
D356,653 Yard light
8389839 Thumb pick

Bill Pangburn
5,943,831 Device for Hauling Objects

Al Robbins

3,882,960 Ride quality control for surface effects craft
3,946,689 Air dynamo pressure regulation and modulation device for surface effect ships and air cushion vehicles
6,588,702 Lighter-than-air device having a flexible usable surface

Matt Thie
4,844,446 Multiple-compartment currency stacker-sorter
4,940,162 Rolled coin dispenser
7,298,280 Lighted fluid flow indication apparatus
7,617,826 Conserver

Richard Tucker
5,833,751 Powder coating booth having smooth internal surfaces
6,840,367 Material handling and manufacturing system and method
6,976,835 Manufacturing system and process
7,018,579 Manufacturing system and process

Don Walls
D707090 Torque key lever
RE36209 Door lock apparatus

Dave Zedonis
5,637,926 Battery powered electronic assembly for wheel attachment

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